IHRC - INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION


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Secretary General IHRC

SECRETARIAT > SG IHRC

H.E.RAFAL MARCIN WASIK
SECRETARY GENERAL INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION
INTERNATIONAL EXPERT
GENERAL MAJOR AIAPS


""Every morning I wake up with new ideas and energy to create and search for new solutions. In life, I am guided by the words "because what we do today, we do for Generations". I belive that I have a chance, even to a small extent, to contribute to the improvement of peaople's lives and maintain peace in the world.""

Rafal Wasik Secretary General International Human Rights Commission


The scope of activities of IHRC

1) Achievements

Central Office of International Human Rights Commission (IHRC for short) has been officially registered in Ukraine in 2014 in order to create an international network of human rights protection in Europe, CIS and in the Middle East. Central Office of IHRC operates on the basis of all principles of United Nations Charter and is fully ready to respect and protect human rights and to promote respect for human rights worldwide.
Since its creation, Central Office of IHRC conducted monitoring of early presidential elections in Ukraine on 25 May 2014, serving as an
international observer (Resolution of Central Elections Commission of 14 May 2014, No. 567).
Central Office of IHRC conducted monitoring of pre-term parliamentary elections in Ukraine on 26 October 2014 (Resolution of Central Elections Commission of 13 October 2014, No. 1714) throughout Ukraine - in Donbas as well, during military actions. During these elections our observers monitored the elections in Japan, Russia, Israel, India, Romania, the Czech Republic and many other countries.
Central Office of IHRC was involved in the work of Interinstitutional Coordination Headquarters of State Office for Crisis Situations on issues related to social protection of Ukrainian citizens forced to temporarily move out of territory occupied by separatists and anti-terrorist operations areas.
Central Office of IHRC has prepared proposals which have found practical application in the Peace Plan of the President of Ukraine and in the Minsk Arrangements of 5 September 2014.
In matters of supporting the planning of national strategy against IDPs and the development and implementation of legislation on issues related to IDPs in the fields of social and economic policy, Central Office of IHRC has reviewed and granted recommendation to the following Ukrainian Acts:
No. 4032 "On creation of free economic zone in the Crimea and business conditions in temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine".
No. 4998-1 "On legal status of internally displaced people who were forced to leave their places of residence as a result of the occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol as well as the situation arising from carrying out anti-
terrorist operations on the territory of Ukraine".
IHRC Office maintains surveillance of the current draft laws under consideration in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. http://apostrophe.com.ua/article/politics/2015-03-02/narodnyiy-deputat-prevyisil-meryi-zaschityi/1336
In October 2014, IHRC Office in Israel organised a Study Trip to Israel - Young Opinions Leaders "ISRAEL AND THE MIDDLE EAST - CHALLENGES OF THE 21ST CENTURY".
Currently, Central Office of IHRC is active in the framework of sectoral groups of the United Nations:
" United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) - sector for securing shelters and providing non-food humanitarian assistance.
" UNDP - sectoral group for economic recovery and peace development.
" UNICEF - Department for the protection of children (CPWG) - CHILD PROTECTION SUB-CLUSTER UKRAINE.
Growing number of people, including children, affected by military actions in Luhansk and Donetsk regions, attracts increasing attention to the scale of needs and unites Ukrainian and international communities for a common purpose of providing help.
Violation of rights and threats to life of IDPs and remaining population residing on temporarily occupied territory of the conflict zone is a major task that must be tackled at various levels, not just the Ukrainian government and local authorities, but also international organisations (including IHRC) and other partners.
Currently, Special Monitoring Mission (SMM), appointed by Central Office of IHRC, operates on the territory of Luhansk and Donetsk regions, which provides local monitoring of situation in regard to human rights violation on the temporarily occupied territory in the zone of military operations.
In the conflict zone, SMM has taken steps towards searching for missing people, release of detained civilians, monitoring places of detention of civilians, evacuation of civilians and children as well as delivering humanitarian aid.
The aim of SMM is to implement measures covering a wide range of issues, inter alia, legal reform, education for human rights, combating organized crime, terrorism and human trafficking, arms control and reform of armed forces, environmental protection, law enforcement, border security, media freedom, elections, gender equality, etc.
SMM acts in relation to the following activities:
- Implementing the rule of law and respect for human rights which include legislative process, systems of criminal, administrative and constitutional justice, informing citizens on their rights and legal education, supporting professional activities of legislators, lawyers, judges and academics in the field of judicial due process; providing training for judges on implementation of the rules and European conventions and formulating court decisions;
- Organising a series of actions aimed at observing human rights in conflict zones, including monitoring human rights violation, searching for missing persons, seeking funds for releasing detained citizens, monitoring of places of detention of civilians, evacuation of civilians;
- Carrying activities related to the fight against organized crime, international counter-terrorism cooperation, financial monitoring in the scope of developing strategies against money laundering and preventing the financing of terrorism, fighting against crimes against environment and ensuring cyber security.
- Combating human trafficking and provision of interaction and cooperation between public authorities and NGOs in order to provide adequate support to victims of trafficking; development and delivery of training for law enforcement officials in law enforcement and efforts to provide legal assistance;
- Increasing public awareness of human rights, supporting the reform of legal education, preparation of teaching aid and introduction of new training courses being in line with international standards, conducting education activities in the fields of human rights and environmental protection, promotion of knowledge on the rights of women, children and young people in developing countries and wherever it is needed;
- Supporting policies regarding the issue of ecological security, assistance in gaining access to ecologically friendly technologies.
- Protection of civil freedom in accordance with international standards and practices of the European Court of Human Rights; cooperation with NGOs in the prevention of torture and inhuman treatment in detention.

Currently, the Central Bureau of the International Commission on Human Rights, through the SMM runs in the occupied territory of Ukraine to observe the following processes:

- Monitoring the participation of mercenaries from among citizens of the European Union, Serbia and other countries on the side of the terrorist groups in armed conflict in the East of Ukraine. http://apostrophe.com.ua/article/society/2015-02-23/myi-priehali-borotsya-protiv-nato-fashizma-i-imperializma/1290. In the case of disclosure of the involvement of citizens of European countries as mercenaries participating in an armed conflict in the east of Ukraine, the Office of IHRC ask through the Embassy, the governments of countries whose citizens are identified as fighters on the side of terrorist organizations, for the legal assessment of actions of the above-mentioned citizens.
http://apostrophe.com.ua/news/politics/judiciary/2015-02-27/vosem-ispantsev-voyuyuschih-na-donbasse-na-storone-boevikov-zaderjanyi-na-rodine/16620

- Supervision of implementation of the Ottawa Convention banning anti-personnel mines (Ottawa, 1997) by the parties to the conflict in Ukraine as well as prevention of application of mines by the parties to the conflict in the east of Ukraine - it should be emphasized that contrary to the provisions of the Convention, there were cases of using mines by terrorists, without taking into account the possibility of casualties among the civilians, including likely children.

- Control of cases of kidnapping and torturing hostages by terrorists in the Donbas, actions aiming at prevention of human trafficking, kidnapping and attempts to prevent the illegal export of orphans from eastern Ukraine to the Russian Federation.

- Observing the humanitarian situation on the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine.
The activities are carried out in order to systematically monitor and provide services to internal refugees and the remaining population that remains on temporarily occupied territory of Donbas in the following areas:

o Following the human rights of internally displaced persons and other persons, including those who are staying on temporarily occupied territory of Donbas;
o In terms of legal defence including legal help for victims of human rights violations;
o Social services;
o Disseminating information on the rights of refugees;
o Conducting a campaign concerning refugees;
o Special monitoring of violations of children's rights within the framework of international standards for the protection of children in armed conflicts, in particular as regards the rights of a child appointed by Articles 11 and 35 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Under the "Special Monitoring Mission " of IHRC, there are in the occupied territory: employees of public utilities, teachers, doctors, psychologists, sport coaches, experts in communication and volunteers who live in the occupied territory of Ukraine and ensure the systematic collection, review and analysis of information in order to identify violations of human rights and the protection of people who remain on temporarily occupied territory of Donbas and provide data in order to inform the public and carry out an effective response.

Given the specificity of the region, the functioning of SMM in the occupied territory of Donbas based on the principle of local working groups of experts.

Conducting effective monitoring in the occupied territory is subjected to many difficulties. Employees of the mission while performing their duties are subjected to constant threat of being arrested by terrorists or becoming victims of artillery and snipers. In occupied territory there are problems with communication and connectivity, free movement is impaired by checkpoints, where even mobile phone data is checked. The car of observation mission was destroyed by a military vehicle KAMAZ belonging to terrorists, three members of the mission were hurt to various extent (head injuries, broken ribs).

The humanitarian crisis in East is caused by the lack of access of the population in temporarily occupied territory to information about their rights

2) The priority directions of IHRC activity

One important aspect of the Office of the IHRC is to support the information activities of public organizations and monitoring missions.

Wide access to information about the activities of public institutions and the results of their surveillance situation in the occupied territories will contribute significantly to reducing tensions between the resettled population and give them hospitality. This will ensure a well-developed communication platform, especially when key tasks are the protection of life, respect for human rights and the restoration of dignity. The solution of the humanitarian crisis in the Donbas largely depends on the support of the information.

Citizens of eastern Ukraine should not be limited to receiving poor information from local and social media, but also have access to reliable sources of information which is particularly important in the context of the ideological struggle between the parties to the conflict.

Taking into account providing information about current activities of non-governmental organizations and the results of monitoring their conduct, we conduct as the first independent think tank in Ukraine, joint campaigns with the International Centre for Policy Studies (MCSP) (http://icps.com.ua/en/~~ HEAD = pobj) and the Prague Open Institute. MCSP is a member of PASOS (Policy Association of the Open Society) since 2003. MCSP has 56 research centres in Central and Eastern Europe. Its goals since 20 years remain unchanged - a continuation of the democratization and modernization of Ukraine.

In addition, in order to provide current and true information about the activities of the Central Office of IHRC in Ukraine we use the Internet Media Resource Apostroph ( http://apostrophe.com.ua/) and we plan to cooperate with European partners in Brussels - the European Policy Centre (EPC http: //www.epc.eu/). We have institutional and financial base to become a platform for information campaigns showing to the world the results of current and completed projects in order to talk about the situation in Ukraine.
These tasks improve coordination and raise awareness of the need to protect the rights of victims in Ukraine and ensure broad public access to reliable and accurate information.
So comprehensive range of activities contributes to the development of human rights and democracy in Ukraine and prevents the deterioration of the situation in the region and above all protects those most at risk. The adopted strategy allows conducting an information campaign in Ukraine and Europe in accordance with the requirements of the EU and the international community.

3) Development of IHRC

In order to achieve increased influence in matters related to the issues of human rights, it was going to appoint IHRC International Secretariat with registered office.

Within its scope of activities, the International Secretariat of the IHRC will carry out tasks of international significance and its operation will correspond to importance at the global level.

The International Secretariat of the IHRC is formed as an extraterritorial unit and its statutory documents are consistent with international law, the Vienna Convention concerning the representation of states in relations with prevailing international organizations (1975), the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between international organizations ( 1986), agreement on the privileges and immunities of international organizations.

The International Secretariat of the IHRC is obliged to carry out activities as a subject of international law, enjoying the rights and obligations under international law, occurring in international relations governed by international law.
The effectiveness of activities of the International Secretariat of the IHRC will be achieved by effort of first-class mobile professionals under the leadership of Secretary-General Rafał Wasik, with the participation of independent human rights institutions to create competitiveness for the countries as the main participant in international relations.

In contrast to the countries, the International Secretariat of the IHRC will affect the system of international relations, diplomacy aimed at shaping public opinion and the development of international relations. For this purpose diplomatic missions of the International Secretariat of the IHRC will be set up as a permanent unit of the implementation of external relations, formed on the basis of the statute of IHRC at the territory of countries in order to maintain regular official contacts.

Special monitoring mission will be developed, which currently operates in high-risk areas of conflict zones in Ukraine (in the circuits of Donetsk, Lugansk and Crimea). SMM extends its operations to other countries where IHRC is present and where there is a real threat or armed conflicts have already arisen. SMM should work in all phases of the conflict, both as preventive diplomacy, assistance in resolving conflicts and post-conflict rehabilitation. The key issues are the social issues of democracy and securing the rules of law. The task is to promote the political process aimed at preventing conflicts, as well as informing the society about the situation in the conflict region.
In order to expand the SMM in special training centres of IHRC are carried out training for SMM expert assistants who will work in a high risk environment in the occupied territories or endangered. Trainings are conducted to ensure the security and psychosocial stability of afore mentioned people to develop their skills in unconventional methods of acquiring information through the use of special interrogation techniques.

The IHRC development issues, issues of structuring the organization and the findings of its operations are handled by a team of specialists under the leadership of Yurii Kiperman, the head of the HQ of IHRC in Europe, UK, CIS and the Middle East.

4) Future methods of action

We focus on expanding operations internationally and develop a platform for intergovernmental communication.
We support increase of the share of IHRC in government programs and diplomacy.

In Ukraine, we plan to be present during the creation and work of the group of experts on internally displaced persons from the temporarily occupied territories, which is formed in connection with the rehabilitation of the reform package of the Government of Ukraine. For this reason, the Office of IHRC organizes diplomatic briefings devoted to the internal situation in Ukraine and in the world, during which it objectively informs about current political events in Ukraine and thoroughly examines the main trends in domestic politics. This analysis allows to prioritize the implementation of reforms in Ukraine, assess the quality of government decisions in terms of their effectiveness and perseverance. It gives an overview of political competition in Ukraine and the capacity of key political players. It enables making decisions with regard to solving current problems.

We plan to use practice of diplomatic briefings in the activities of the International Secretariat of the IHRC also in other regions

ISSUED:
Secretary General IHRC
Rafal Marcin Wasik


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